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Mpocoepae ocoecoo

ABA IX
ocoec

Haa yxoa ycea cop XIX ea paeec ee ocoecoo. ee ocoecoo oaao, o Pocc poc oe y. Mey caoa eaca 40-x oo yxo ee aaa XX ea e yxo epeopo opeco ocoecoo. Bype aacpoa oee ac o 40-x . M y pye epe, ee eeoe o oee cooo caco ox. M pae e o o copeco, o o yxoo oxe. Hae pooyee ceaoc aacpoec. o ocoec a eo p. Kpeece, Xoo, Acao, c oop y ocoecoo, ec y ac, eoope oe epoa e, e a ee oo aacpoecoo pooye, oopoe axao oo ae ax cpaeo coox ycox e, a, apep, . E. H. Tpyeoo. 40-x oo ee oo pe, o ycoa ee o coo epy oy ex cyax, oa coeoa eae poaec ea. B yeo cpoe x e opaoaoc ee poao. Ooec Cae a e ao oxo a e ox ocoecoo, a cao. Caoa aaa, paoa cop py c pyo, ee o o py pya, e o ox ox, opec oce ocoecoo. O eoe oe ep oa, pyo e ep, o oe apoo Pocc, pyo apoo aaa, ce e o pyo oy paea oo yeo opa, e oy y e a. oce ocoecoo y ex, oope poc eo yxy, eec a y. y, epee ocoecoo, opaac eeooy yoy pyey, y poac aoaec a, x coepaec epexo o yeo cepe opa y, oca. y pox epe paoee, oopoo a ee 40-x oo, oee apoece, ae ea ocy, o oa e cpeaec c oa, e ee ep, o e ayac ee a poeo axpa. 40-x oo, a 60-x oo, e ee aocepe aeco, o e oxo o oceeo peeoo, e yac a oo cex ee. Coo aoaec o pa cce cxooeco, oa oo oo pe e, ope oepa eo peoo-oaec cc. o e oe opa, o y ocoecoo ce opyeo cepy aoacca, ec xoe epo oxapaepoa y aoepy. o aocepe ocoec pa ay-o ope epy pyccoo yxa.

40-x oo eacec acpoe yaca. paoca caoo ycyec oe ca aceca cpy. Koeo, Xoo coe aeaeo e ep xpcac . ocoec ooa pc yaa, eacecoo aepacecoo, o ee aee e oo pyccoe, o pooe. Paao ec ooee poee eoea. Ec ya y o oee a o pexepo cyece, o ocoecoo eoe epexepoe cyeco. o oo epe opa ppaoae aaa, ope opoa c . eoee opac oe p. eec c . a e ep ce y eoeeco ppo, e ep e o aepacec, oc ya, o oee o eacec ya, ae xpcac ya. B ae o co oo aoy pepacoy. Pea eceo , a oop ocoec, eceoc eoeeco ppo oee pa, aa ce oe poope, e o pecaec yacecoy coa. oce ocoecoo e ye eaca capo cce coa, e ye epa, poo opao opee a o, o paec peaca. o paec pea xapaepe yxoo ox, oopa acyae oce ocoecoo. o aaae y oeceoc, oopy oceyeo ooe c pyo o ec. poe opoc ceac co e, co pea opoca, opoca o cep, o cye o cye . Bce cao co cepe. ec epaypoe ooee aaa XX ea, opaaee yxoe ca ee, e pecaec c a oo yxoo coe, ec oa e opaae eocao paceoo xapaepa, eo oy, o ce cao co cepe, co pea ooeco cce coa. B 40-e o cae ce e pe ax cypox peoa.

 

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Koa aae XX ea Pocc o oe eacece peoe ee, opae c oo aepao paoo c paao pycco ee, o o ca o a ocoecoo. B. Poao, Mepeoc, Ho y, eoxpcae, yao, eoeac, .eco, A.e, B.ao ce ca c ocoec, ce aa eo yxe, ce pea ocaee e. ooo yxa opaec epe . Opaec opo o p, ap peecyx ooe. Haaec pa ocoe pycco c pycco epaype. Be ocoecoo o oyeceee ye, e e . Tocoo, xo e Tocoo, oe, oee pocaec aa. Toco opao ocyee ocoecoo eo copee oo cea co yee, e ocoeco. O oee opac, e ocoec. Ho aoee coa oa pycca eaeca c c poeae pyce, pooeo ocoec, c o eo e. Moo ycao a cpo y, a a y o aop ocp cocoo yxa, pyo ocp yxa ocoecoo. e, ope co occ yxo ca coc y, e c pyo oa ocoecoo. ococoo a aco oapya e oo eoae ocecoo, o acoee opaee ocoecoy. y, oop o a ococ o ococ paoa, e oy o paecx poope ocoecoo. yx ocoecoo x oyae pecaec e xpcac, ae axpcac. Toco pecaec aco xpcao, ep eaec aea, o ca Too, oopoy ya a, a oy, caa e cye, oop coepeo e oo yca Xpca[1]. ocoec, y oopoo o ceoe yco Xpca, o o Xpcy, oop ec ae cye, pecaec e, y, expcac caee, pacpa e caace. Ty o eooe cop. Ty caac e pae o, a epooye . Bo co cyae, opeco peoo c Toco o ecoe eoao oooce ocoec. Bce ao, Kpo, .Bepxoece, Capo, a Kapaao oc ye XX ee. Bo pe caoo ocoecoo o e peao eceoc, a peee popoeco. B epy, ay pyccy peo, o opy, oy pyccy Peo, pacpc o ocoecoo, oope ee ocaac pp ee 70-e o. Bc peo pee pycco peoooc, eoec xapaep pycc peooepo. Pycca peo oe pa a oc. B o pe, a pye oe pycce cae oaac cae opeooo ox, ocoec oe pa caee peooo ox. O ce pe ca o pe a e yxa. ocec ee yxa, popoecoae o o, o Pocc e ey. e cao paa coaa . C eo aaac p pox opoco, pa yyeo cxoo, pa ooo yyeo yaa, oeeoc o coo ycoo a, peeoo poooooo oca yye eoo oea. Bce pacpaec yp cax peox ee, x copacac ao .Bepxoec, Capo Kpo, a Kapaao Cepo. ocoec e eae . cxoo y ocoecoo oa ocaec a oepxoc yeo-eeco . B yo oo cce coa Toco opao y cxoo, e ocoec. ocec eaoo, eo cxoo cea yyec yxa, a e y, o cpe c oo oo. a ye y py, oa epec e cxooece opoc, a opoc o oe oe, ocee opoc. cya ae oeceoc ae peo c o ao pee opoco o oe oe. ocoec e oo opae py cxo oepxoca xapaepca ocoecoo, o o ac exooo pya cxooa apae ae coa a ocee opoc. ooo . eco xoe ooa ocecoo ceo a oooo cxooa[2]. ooa cxoo y ocoecoo ec oe yxooo y eoea. O e ocae ac exoo pyy ooo cxoo, o o eo.

ocoec e oo e xyo, xyo-cxoo, e o yo ca coeopae eo opecoo opaa. ocoec e ce. o capac oaa a poe ce coe . O ea pycc ea. ce a eaece e y o . O e aocep cpacx, oex e. O apaae e, oeae x py. e ocoecoo yxo xe acy. e x e . He , e pe opoca o oe oe, o eccep, o cooe, o e, o cye eoea eoeeca. o e poco, o . Ec e eccep, o e co . e ocoecoo e acpae, a opee e. eo e y. Meaa ocecoo e acpaa, a opea eaa. ocoec ay ac y opeoy, eo-acyoy xapaepy e. M yxoe e . M xoe ca pea eaece opoc o yxe oopo x ca pea . Meaa ocoecoo e, e eaa B. Cooea. , oe, ece cc, opo oe coxpaea eaa, ec o cc, oop oa ee y ocoecoo. B.Cooe co oeeo opoepa oeey eay, o e ocae co . O o ocoecoy, e-o copacac c o, oe, oee ceo oec o Axpce, o o ee apaeoe, o e o yxa ocoecoo aac. B opeco aa ocoecoo apoc B.Poao, oe, ca aeae pycc cae ocex ece[3]. ae ye c Poaoa pocxo o c, oop oop eoope epcoa ocoecoo. Poaoa a a e opeoc, ea acyoc ea, o y . O pea e ocoecoo. Ho ee Poaoa oop o oacocx, oope ae yxe ocecoo. ca Poaoa oa ococoa ca eop ao Kapaao, oop oaec o eaoo aoca. Coepeoe ocyce co caoc yxa y Poaoa yaae a , o e ocoecoo oe pacca. eoo Mepeocoo ae apoac o yxa ocoecoo, oa aea ye Kae aeco cx ocoecoo o ooeoee . Ho ocoec e oo Mepeocoy a pep pae Xpca axpca. O ocac oxc cx. ca opoc: o ocoec yee?

 

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ocoec ooy ac ayae, ooe a opae. M pae yxooe acee . Ho o e ye cpoo cce coa. He ye ocoecoo, e o ocoecoy. Tpyo e eo ayee y . ocoea a cee pyccx e e oo ee yxoe copoa, o oe yxoe . B pycco ye ec aa caocoa, ec oacoc yoe e. B e ca c yxooo caocoxpae. He e pa pae, pooeoa pae a y, e y oy poxoe epe paoee y. Tpae eoea, pacpaey a ocoec, oo epe ooac epeae, o y epea o pae, a eoy y, e. caeca, oceca cx, poaa pae, oa pa a epa aoc, a epoocoa , a aocepa, oopo cepaec aa eoeeca cya. Ho e pa oceco cx, e paa e opaoo xapaepa. ocoecoo oe pyo oaco cooa opao. oop ye o o, o oop o poee a y ocoecoo. peao ao ycao ooe ooee . Topeco ocoecoo oop e oo o o, pycco apoe ae eae yxoe oooc, ae o , o o apo oo yxo. Hapoy oy, yxo peao oapeoy, oe pyo cpoa co y, pyee, e apoa aaa. ocoec e yaae ye coc yxa, ye oope yeo cx, oaea yece yxo eceo apoo y. Pycc e xaa xapaepa, o oo pao a aoa eeo. Bpaoa paceoo xapaepa, paoa yxoo yeceoc aa aa ea aaa. ooae o ocoec? ooae ocoec paoa a cy oo yxa, ocooc o coo paca? capac oaa o aoc coo aco aoco ocoecoo. Ho o y y, a ca cee cooy yxa, pacey yxo aoo, a ocoo ce apo co o ac x cx. O e yee coo, xo o y o cooe a epooco . eo oceca pae, paoee, ea a y ocac ece ye eoea. y cey e ep . Bee ocoecoo o , o o oaa, a oopaec ce. Ho pycca ya coa opyc cx ocac e a oo oe. Tpye e xo o cxo , pyo oae coe cpaco cxoc. pyccx ec ceoe yco oc o cy ecce oxpa co oc o pacepa ocec cpc, yep opy oc. B ocoeco coep ee opoe pyccoo yxa pooo yxa. Ho o e paa o yeceo peoc yxa, oa yx oaeae xaoec yeo cxe, cpye ee oe ce e. Pocc ce ee yx aae yeo . o opaae . oce eaeo e aeo aoao yxa ocoecoo y ac ce ee e opooo peo aoaoo . ac ce ee e coepoc o, epacoo apoa coep xe eo yxa. poo opao opaoc a xoe pycco peo. ocoecoo pooa . C oo copo, o paa ceoe aee aay oc, aao oo aaa, a caa ca eo copoa. C pyo copo, y eo oy po pae aao coopoc oeoc. Peooe apoeco ocoecoo o coao oea, apaye aao o oeceoc, o yxoo c. e peoo coopoc y pyccx epeo aa oo eaae pyccoo apoa, eaae apooo oea a oce yxa. Ho pycc apo oee ceo yaec ee o oeceoc, ee caoc, o yxoo aoo. Oopo pycc apo oe yxoa peopa o apae. ocec oo coe ooo opae o aae ooae ee ocyece, pyo e coae pycc apoeco pycc oeo, o ec pecye ocyece o aa.

B opeco opae ocoecoo aa cee paee pycca eo cepeo yype. Ca ocoec e ee pycco yyp, ee epo. Ho o e ooa poo pc yyp. e ee, oope poc o yxa ocoecoo, ce axoc pce yyp, eooce oce oce yyp. pc o eooco c ocoeo ocpoo o oycoa a epax yyp. Kyypa co ce co e eoc ec cepea, e e oa, peea . yypa e ocae e ocyece ooo . Oa e oooa, oa coa. Kpc yyp ec pc coa yyp, oop aoe c ocae eo y coc. Moo o caa apaoc: co ec aa peooe coa, pepaee coeco yyp oooecy yypy, oopo oc e co ocee peaoc, a caa oce peaoc. He coca, poa coa ocac e peac yyp, oope ao pea coe yyp, e coaa oo coa, coxpa yepeoc peacoc cex oce yyp. Kpc yyp oaae ae ay xoa cepe aoy-o papeaey oy. B pce yyp ec aoaeca ycpeeoc. Oa ec y He ec ce cee y . Ho aoaeca apoeoc, ycpeeoc oy, oopeoe paeoe ooee o ce cepeo yype xapaepo pycce ep. x epax pyccoo yxooo caa yo ca coo aeo yxooo coeopa coo ax yxox oee. Opae cepeo yyp oaca epa pyccx x, o ceca epa. Koa pocxo pc yyp a ax ee pox epax, a ocoec, o o ee coepeo pyo cc, e oa pc o pocxo y pyccx e, e ex ee acoe yyp peax coco oyypo oyyypo. B o pe a y e ce yoeo yyp ocec poyae oooecoe coae ay epexoa o opeca coecx yypx eoce opecy ooo , y aoyypx pyccx e o oe apaoa yc yype ype cecoe ooee yype. Aoa y ac cea cpa opao copacac. x oo o oee eo co pae. Pycc eoe oe oxoo coeae c ce ce yype oe, o ecece ooe e. Ho ooe e o oo e ec, yype e eoc oepac papoy. a ocoeo eoxoo coae, yypa ec y ooy , o caa oecea ec ca yypa yxa. Be Tocoo ooe yype o ayo pyccx. Be ocoecoo o oceo. Taoa y cya ex pyccx caee. Ho ce-a yo o, o ocoec pco yyp, o o e , ooo Tooy, pao yyp. Aoaeca ycpeeoc ocoecoo coeac c pae cop copecx c eoce, copeco peeceoc. o ce ocoeo ycoa acea yxa ocoecoo.

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Ho ec ocoec e oe yee yxoo c yxooo y, ec ocoea, a a cxoo, oa ac peooea, o o ocaec oo ooe yee o y epe Xpca opa ce o e, opa opa ooe oe cao ae eoee, y eoey, cao c yaee eo cooe. ocoec poo ac epe y, o e e pae y eo oceee coo. Topeco ocoecoo eee ceo ocae eaee paoo ecxooo ecca. Caa a y eo ceooca. Ce Xpco oeae p, pocee cy y. Cao xpcaco ocecoo e paoe xpcaco, o eoe, oaoo xpcaco. eo ocoec oo ae xpcaca yyeo, opeca eoo Eae, pe coo . Mooe oepeo xpcace, e paoac pye , opae yxoe co . Mooe xpcace ooo ye e oy opay, a epay. Hacyo ooceee. M ep yca pooc epe coa, o oopx oee yx. yx , e xoe. Ho o e xoe a peoo oepex ooceex yax. y o pacac, o oepyc opoy oeoy pee, o yx o aa a x. oea axpcoa yxa pe, oep ep, poc aepaa ce o ye ope peya ocec oo epe oocee, oopoe a-cyae yp caoo xpcaca, yp cao peoo . Xpcaco, pepaeoe epy cxoay, coeae eyx, oeex op, oepeec epaoy poe, e oe opoae co. B cao xpcace oo acy opoee ooee yxa. Xpcaco oo ca pee ox acyax pee, ec oo ec ea pe. B e oo aac opecoe ee. Taoo e ao ye e o. ocoec pacae ooceee y, poo x epe oeoe peee. o pacae oy opecoo opoe yxa, peooo e, oopo eo ye ooe eoe, oe xpcaco. ocoec oee acyae aeoa peooo peopaopa, e .Toco. Toco papo xpcace c eoc ac opec cocey pe. ec oy pa eo acy, o o acy opaee pece. ocoec e opeae oo pe, o ocaec epe eo ce, eo pa xpcaca. Ho xpcace poyae o o yx, opecoe ee, eo e papyaee e cpeee. O ae oo pa ce cape opy. Ho o yx aae x. O opae yyey, oxy, oa xpcaco co ceo e po. O aoae o Aoacce, oop ocaac epo yo copeco xpcace. Topeco ocoecoo ce cee ooopo xpcacoo opoe. Oo ec ee popoecoe yaye a ee yxoe . Ho a o eo opece oeaeac c oceoc pyccoo xapaepa, e a ee pycce oooc ee pycce . o yxoo paoa a acee ocoecoo, ypee oa ocoaa e .

He aaa Epoa, cyaa p aacpoecoo poecca, opaaec ocoecoy oee cocoa o eo. Boe cy xo aaa Epoa coco ypyaoo caoooca, oopo y aacpo poo o aeac, o-oy, pea eo. Epoecoe oeco ooe pe aepaoc a epep oocoaoc e cyecoae. Oo xoeo ycpoc a e eo a oepxoc e. Ho a, ycpoec ypyao Epoe, oapyaec yaeca oa. eeo opoec y apoo Epo yxoa ya. ocy oo poo ee c oepxoc yy, xo peecy ey ae e a oepxoc, oe, a o peo. o aacpoax opcex, oy o yxoo y, apo aao Epo c oae oe ypee opeoc ooy oy pyccoy pooy e, oop opaee yxoo y eoea oop pee eeoc aacpo pe. ocoec ec a eaa eoc, oopo opaae pycc apo coe e pe, o, a o oe yaa o a Cpao Cye apoo.

 

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2001,



[1] opo aa peox o Tocoro c.: epe . Bex Ho ae peoo .Tocoro // C.: pe a Tocoro. M., 1912. C-172195.

[2] ou6oo .ecmo xoem ucmooam ocmoecoo uceo a nonooo ncuxooa. . eco o e ocoec He. oco pare (1903). C pe .eca, ce opeco ocoecoro oceo aay cxoo ooro eoea, oooro coa. o ecy, ca ocoec oo eoeo, ocoa, copeea aaa ooe ce ocpe ye poe. ooy oa pare copeeoro eoea pocxo ooe. Aapy 3ac oo ocoecoro, .eco cea ao o: Bo oo y ce, a epe apy, oeee, ooe... Ho pae ce y ce oe? ca ya . Ho o e e o, ec e o o, oop a coe ocoecoro? (. ecmo, ocoec . oco . C., 1903. C, 37. opo aa o r .eca c.: epe H, Tpare oeoc // ep H. SUB SPECIE. C. 247 275).

[3] B mopeco amauu ocmoecmo apouc B. Poaoe, m oe ca aeame pyccu nucame noceux ecmue. epe ocoo oepa eooc, yaoc Poaoa-cae eoea, ooec eo c epo ocoecoo, oop o co oec a ero Poaoa. 6 o c.: ep H. Caoo. C. 136 138. Topecy Poaoa epe oc ca: epe . erea o Beo ope B. B. Poaoa // Kra, 1906. 5; epe . Xpcc p (o B.B.Poaoy) // Pycca . 1908. 1. C, 42 55. . .., erea o Beo ope ...